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Topic : “Mental health issues are perceived by society.” Questions : Conduct res

by | Jun 24, 2021 | Other | 0 comments

 

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Topic : “Mental health issues are perceived by society.”
Questions :
Conduct research about the way that “Mental health issues are perceived by society.” INSTRUCTIONS:!!!!!!!!!
Double-spaced with 1-inch margins and typed in 12-point Times New Roman
Include cover page,thesis statement, introduction, sub headings ,conclusion , reference page Proofread for spelling and grammar mistakes. Use APA style.
Cited source in APA style and in alphabetical order In the paper the following items should be address :
Describe the way that mental health is perceived by society, discussing misconceptions and biases and the way they impact people with a mental illness. Discuss the impact of the person ethnicity has on his or her perceptions of mental illness.
Provide examples of three different ethnicities. Discuss the impact of poverty on mental health treatment and the connection between incarceration and mental illness Discuss three different treatment approaches that are used to treat mental illnesses
Additional Information:
Mental health is described as cognitive, behavioral, and emotional wellbeing. It greatly influences how we think, feel, and acts (Hee et al., 2020). It also helps people determine how they handle stress, relate to others, and make healthy choices. When an individual’s emotional or cognitive stability is influenced, it results in mental illnesses. Though mental illness is like any other disease, various misconceptions have been attached to these disorders. For instance, some people believe that these disorders are untreatable. However, various treatment options have been established to help in managing these disorders. This paper discusses various mental illnesses, existing misconceptions about mental illnesses, and how people view them. It also describes non-directive and directive treatment approaches and how they can be applied in managing mental health issues.
Perception of Mental Health and Mental Illness in the U.S and the Influence of Misconceptions and Biases about Psychological Illness
The comprehension of psychological health, mental illness, and clarification vary from one individual perception to another. Many people in the United States have different perceptions towards mental health and mental illness. Good health encompasses the mental and social domains which vary across cultures, clinical practices, and systems that differ in values (Fusar-Poli et al.2020). Based on a survey conducted by the Harris Poll, a total of 87% of American adults acknowledged that having mental health is nothing to be embarrassed about, and 86% exclaimed that they affirm that people with mental health disorders can get cured, following the poll. However, people’s perception of mental illness clarifies their help-seeking behavior or lack thereof. Usually, the words one uses towards an individual who has been diagnosed with a mental illness influence the ability of the patient to seek help. For instance, some people in the United States refer to a person with a mental illness and a mentally ill person, while others refer to such a person as a person living with a mental illness. When a person is regarded as mentally ill person, he/she is likely to feel stigmatized and believes that the condition cannot be managed. In contrast, when an individual is told that he/she is living with a mental illness, he/she feels that the condition will disappear and live a good life. Though most U.S. citizens view mental illness as any other disease that can affect any person and can be cured, patients having a mental illness are still isolated and threatened in the streets.
The false beliefs about mental illness impact people in different ways. For instance, personal experiences are altered as people are not able to interact with others well. Misconceptions lead to ethnicity as people view a particular social group as disabled in their perception of mental illness. Subsequently, people with mental illness perceive it by getting lower grades, and depression and anxiety increase, leading to dropping out of school. Other effects of misconceptions and biases include fear, exclusion, authoritarianism, and benevolence. These are affirming that individuals with serious mental illness are childish and need to be looked after. Individuals with mental illness experience discrimination and social stigma, which makes it impossible for them to recover. Stigma and discrimination can lead to a person avoiding assistance due to fear of being stigmatized. The mental disorder leads to behavioral, severe emotional, and physical health problems (Devendorf et al. 2020). Some of the complications include depression, anxiety, and decreased life enjoyment.
Types of Mental Disorders, Symptoms, Their Impact on the Individual and Ways They Can Impact Person’s Ability to Function
There are several different types of disorders. However, the four common disorders across the world include PTSD, depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.
Depression
Depression is a type of mental disorder that affects mood and an individual’s daily way of life. It induces severe and staunch feelings of sadness. It affects all people despite their age, gender, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and race. However, it is more active in women than men.
Symptoms of Depression
The symptoms of depression include anger, hopelessness, thoughts of suicide, engaging in high-risk activities, and restless sleep. Depression also exhibits more significant fatigue, irritability, and inability to concentrate.
Impact of Depression on an Individual
The impact of depression on an individual includes; chronic body aches, loss of appetite, loss of interest in previous pleasures, and difficulty to make decisions (Santini et al., 2020).
The Way Depression Impacts Person’s Ability to Function
The effects of depression on an individual’s ability to function can be long-lasting, affecting individual functions. It may impact time management in workplaces, social interactions, and completing tasks sluggishly, making an individual too tired. Depression also makes an individual have trouble sleeping at night and have excessive daytime sleepiness influencing their ability to function.
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia mental disorder is an illness that affects an individual’s ability to feel, behave and think clearly. It makes the patient interpret reality abnormally. It might result in behavioral patterns and actions that may be disabling, impairing daily functioning. Symptoms of Schizophrenia
This disorder is characterized by a range of complications in emotions, cognition, and behavior. The symptoms of this disorder include; hallucinations, delusions as false beliefs, disorganized thinking, and withdrawal from friends. Other symptoms are; lack of ability to function well, irritability, and lack of response (Correll et al. 2020).
Impact of Schizophrenia on Individual
Schizophrenia is a severe disorder, impacts an individual by causing delusions, visual hallucinations, impaired daily functioning of conduct, and precisely disordered thinking.
The Way Schizophrenia Can Impact Person’s Ability to Function
When individuals have schizophrenia, they experience psychosis which indicates that they may have a severe problem with their emotions, thinking, and understanding reality, but they don’t recognize it. This disorder dramatically affects the patient’s ability to perform daily tasks such as chores and work. It also affects communication and concentration when a person is either in a meeting or finding a job.
Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is associated with the occurrence of mood swings differing from erratic highs to manic lows. It often runs in families meaning that genetic factors mainly cause it. It is established that certain genes cause physical changes in the brain resulting in this disorder.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
The symptoms of bipolar disorder range differently among individuals. The symptoms include; impaired judgment, a sense of distraction, feeling weird, engaging in risky behavior, extreme sadness, insomnia, despair, and anxiety concerning minor issues. Other symptoms include; inability to enjoy activities, talking a lot, fatigue, and difficulty remembering things.
Impact of Bipolar Disorder on an Individual
Due to bipolar disorder, an individual may experience mood swings that alter sleep, judgment, behavior, feel unusually irritable, and cannot think clearly (Carvalho et al. 2020). Also, an individual’s self-care skills, ability to attend school and work are affected. It can lead to emotional distress like grief, worry, and disruptions of daily schedules.
The Way Bipolar Disorder Can Impact Person’s Ability to Function
This disorder affects a person’s capability to accomplish daily activities in various ways. For instance, most bipolar clients are unemployed due to difficulties working efficiently. Absenteeism from work is reported in people with bipolar disorder. Inability to participate in social activities due to insufficient memory alters individuals with this disorder. Subsequently, coping with studies is changed by this disorder.
PTSD
PTSD is a psychological health condition characterized by failure to recover after experiencing a terrifying, scary, and shocking incident. It is caused by various factors, including serious accidents, physical assault, domestic abuse, torture, exposure to traumatic events, and severe health problems that lead to admission to the intensive care unit. These factors make the patient experience flashbacks, nightmares, and severe anxiety, causing the disorder.
Symptoms
The symptoms for this disorder are clustered into four types: carelessness, adverse shifts in reasoning, intrusive reflections, and diversification in emotional and physical responses. The general symptoms include; feeling detached from family, memory complications, negative thoughts about other people, and avoiding thinking. A person with this disorder exhibits severe emotional stress, unwanted distressing memories, trouble sleeping, and easily frightened.
Impact on an Individual
This mental disorder affects an individual through; its physical health deteriorates significantly and disruptions in one’s health. PTSD affects an individual ability to work through lack of concentration, absenteeism, and panic attacks. An individual may feel isolated, and it may cause poor relationships among coworkers. The effects of post-traumatic disorder are detrimental to an individual’s life (Belangee, 2019). Moreover, this disorder may cause a person to have difficulties in expressing oneself emotions.
The Way PSTD Can Impact a Person’s Ability to Function.
The PSTD disorder affects a person’s ability to work, execute day-to-day undertakings, or relate to friends and family members. Individuals with the post-traumatic disorder can frequently appear disinterested as they attempt to imagine or perceive a painful episode. There are immense levels of trauma in post-crisis nations as people witnessed scary incidents which left panic and severe emotional stress.
Non-Directive Treatment Approach
Non-directive treatment is illustrated as an approach to the remedy of mental disorders that focuses on promoting personality growth by assisting clients in obtaining awareness and acknowledging their feelings, behavior, and values. This approach embraces the belief that every person has a ‘self-righting reflex’ (Passmore et al., 2020). This treatment approach does not try to solve the client’s health problems but rather aims at establishing conditions under which the client may work out their health problems and lead a quality life. An example of non-directive treatment client-centered psychotherapy, where the therapist offers the client the opportunity to lead during sessions. Non-directive therapy can be used to treat mental disorders by organizing psychotherapies for clients with mental illnesses. Through listening and empathy approaches to reduce depression among clients, also by helping the patient lead in sessions to work out their complications. A patient is obliged to obtain a cure through psychological counseling. An example of how a non-directive treatment approach is used is as follows; a therapist leaves responsibility and instructions to the child. A mental health disorder that may be treated through this treatment approach is depression, where the healthcare professional helps the client understand their condition and the best strategies to manage it.
Directive Treatment Approach
Directive treatment is an approach in which the counselor or therapist guides the psychotherapy process by giving instructions and providing coping techniques. The clinician provides advice based on expertise and experience. The offering of tutorials to clients helps in the facilitation approach due to the creativity and intellectuality of the tutorials. For example, if you are conveying behavioral therapy, you give the client details on managing the complication and helping the client gain a particular technique. The directive treatment approach is used to treat mental disorders through cognitive behavioral therapy, which identifies disease and helps change self-destructive behaviors. A team approach to counsel a client ensures psychiatric, social, and medical needs are encountered. A psychological evaluation is used in which a mental health professional speaks to a client about symptoms, perceptions, and behavior motives (Huston, 2019). For example, they use the DO ART ethical decision-making model for clients to ease their dilemmas (Hauck et al. 2020). Under this treatment approach, the healthcare professional recommends the client the best practices to manage their health condition and helps them to implement them. An example of a directive treatment approach is when a healthcare professional delivers cognitive behavioral therapy by offering the client instruction to cope with a certain health condition and help them execute the techniques. An example of a mental health illness that may be treated using this treatment approach is an anxiety disorder. The healthcare may inform the disorder to practice relaxation techniques and help them practice the techniques (Hoskins et al., 2019). The healthcare professional ensures that the client effectively employs these techniques to cope and manage the health condition. Conclusion
Americans’ mental health and associated disorders are perceived differently based on their race, ethnicities, and cultural values. Mental health can be promoted through community-based healthcare facilities and creating awareness on how to help individuals suffering from mental disorders. People suffering from mental illnesses should embrace the directive and non-directive approaches to recover and improve their wellbeing. Health care facilities should foresee Complications among individuals linked with mental disorders to mitigate them in their early stages.
References
● Belangee, S. (2019). Adlerian psychology in the era of evidence-based practice: A reflection from a clinician in private practice. Journal of Individual Psychology, 75(3), 205–209. Retrieved from EBSCO multi-search database.
● Carvalho, A. F., Firth, J., & Vieta, E. (2020). Bipolar disorder. New England Journal of Medicine, 383(1), 58-66.
● Correll, C. U., & Schooler, N. R. (2020). Negative symptoms in schizophrenia: a review and clinical guide for recognition, assessment, and treatment. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 16, 519.
● Devendorf, A., Bender, A., & Rottenberg, J. (2020). Depression presentations, stigma, and mental health literacy: A critical review and YouTube content analysis. Clinical psychology review, 78, 101843.
● Hauck, J. M., & Ling, T. J. (2020). Applying Art Therapy Directives to Ethical Decision-Making. Art Therapy, 37(1), 34-41.
● Hee Y., L, Junseon H, Ball, J. G., Jongwook Lee, Youngmi Yu, & Albright, D. L. (2020). Mental health literacy affects mental health attitude: Is there a gender difference? American Journal of Health Behavior, 44(3), 282–291. Retrieved from EBSCO multi-search database
● Hoskins, J. I., Blood, L., Stokes, H. R., Tatham, M., Waller, G., & Turner, H. (2019). Patients’ experiences of brief cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders: A qualitative investigation. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 52(5), 530–537. Retrieved from EBSCO multi-search database.
● Huston, M. (2019). A hard look at evidence-based treatments: An analysis highlights a need for better research and ongoing checkups in therapy. Psychology Today, 52(6), 20. Retrieved from EBSCO multi-search database.
● Passmore, J., & Sinclair, T. (2020). Humanistic Approach and the Time to Think Model. In Becoming a Coach (pp. 119-126). Springer, Cham. Longitudinal mediation analysis. The Lancet Public Health, 5(1), e62-e70.
● Santini, Z. I., Jose, P. E., Cornwell, E. Y., Koyanagi, A., Nielsen, L., Hinrichsen, C., … & Koushede, V. (2020). Social disconnectedness, perceived isolation, and symptoms of depression and anxiety among older Americans (NSHAP):

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