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Community Needs Assessment Assignment: Background: Nutrition assessment is need

by | Jun 23, 2022 | Nutrition | 0 comments

 

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Community Needs Assessment Assignment:
Background: Nutrition assessment is needed in intervention programs and to accurately communicate Nutrition education. The purpose of this assignment is to provide the student enrolled in this course an experience in assessing a community’s assets and weaknesses in providing appropriate Nutrition Communication.
A successful community nutrition assessment will include an understanding of the current nutritional status, access to safe, nutritious food, access to valid nutrition information by individuals and families living in a geographic area, an evaluation of the local capability for supporting health and nutrition services, and a determination of needs to build community support for the implementation of a proposed program or change in the way things are done.
Instructions:
SECTION ONE
Step 1: Select Community/ Municipality
Obese adult in New York City
Step 2: Research the following Demographic Information (U.S. Census Data) –
Tabular Form
a. Population—indicate total population, education level, age and gender, race and ethnicity and family structure (household information)
b. Present the following data in tables:
1. Housing (indicate the number of each structure)
a. Major subdivisions (housing developments)
b. Apartment complexes (# of units)
c. Single-family homes
d. Seniors’ buildings (# of seniors residing)
2. Industry in municipality—manufacturing, professional services, retail, etc. What businesses are located in the municipality? Do the people who work in the community also live there?
c. Economic status
i. Mean income of residents
ii. Employment and unemployment data
iii. % Below the poverty level
d. Analyze the data collected to describe the characteristics of the community. Summarize the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the community. Indicate the group(s) of the population that is(are) at the greatest risk for health disparities. (~ 150-250 words)
Step 3: Health Status of Community
a. Causes of morbidity and mortality, death rate
b. Disease prevalence data, including foodborne illness
c. Infant mortality rate
d. What is the leading cause of death in this community?
Step 4: Community Health Resources
Provide names of all health care facilities.
a. Access to health care
i. Acute care hospitals
ii. Ambulatory care facilities (same-day surgery)
iii. Chronic care facilities (nursing homes)
iv. Rehabilitation Centers
v. Assisted Living Facilities
vi. Physicians’ offices (number and types of specialties)
vii. Nursing Services outside of health care facilities (visiting nurses)
b. Local Health Department
i. Area served
ii. Types of programs provided—how often are these provided? What target population is served?
c. Access to physical activity—parks, recreation facilities, YMCA, private gyms, presence of sidewalks, etc.
d. Transportation in the community—if a family does not own a car, how do they travel to markets for food and health care providers? Investigate public means of transportation and discuss limitations of each. For instance, what are the bus routes which serve the residents of the community and what is the average fare? Taxi service? Average fare?
Step 5: Food Assistance Programs
Services provided to Community, eligibility criteria, and adequacy of services provided. Are participants from other regions included in the data?
i. Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
-eligibility criteria; how does a new applicant register for service?
ii. SNAP (food stamps) recipients
-eligibility criteria; how does a new applicant register for service?
iii. SNAP-Ed
– Describe the education received.
iv. Head Start
-eligibility criteria; how does a new applicant register for service?
v. Preschools/Day Care Centers
– eligibility criteria; how does a new applicant register for service?
vi. School Breakfast and School Lunch
vii. Older Americans Act Senior Meal Service
viii. Food distribution sites (Food bank, Soup kitchens etc.…)
ix. Farmers’ Markets:
In-Person (Visual/experiential) Community Assessment (Optional)
The student completing this part of the community assessment will need access to a car.
Step 6. Neighborhood Assessment – Due to COVID this is not Mandatory
· Types of markets for food in the community (supermarkets, bodegas, farmers’ markets in season)
· Availability of Alcoholic Beverages (Liquor Stores, Taverns and/or Bars)
· Availability of fresh produce, fresh dairy
· Ethnic foods available; do the available foods support the cultural needs of the community which shops there?
· Foodservice establishments in municipality (Healthy vs Non- Healthy)
· Nutrition education programs (Cooperative Extension programs; Weight Reduction programs
· Nutrition Counseling Service (Number of Registered Dietitians in Private or Employers of Registered Dietitians in the municipality)
SECTION TWO
Complete a ONE Page -Report/Needs Assessment/Analysis
The following question should be addressed:
Identify 1 group present in the community which may be at nutritional risk or that fits the needs you will be educating/ communicating to via your Lesson Plan.
Discuss long-term health implications of the identified deficits in terms of health care costs and
· What is the overall health status of the community?
· Discuss the nutritional status of residents based upon your findings.
· Discuss the community as a whole, citing findings of every group member, i.e., demographics, economics, education, morbidity, mortality, access to health care, and access to healthy food and nutrition education
· Discuss health assets of the community that relate to the availability of healthy foods and/or nutrition information. These may include access to health care, availability of food assistance programs, support of local officials for nutrition programs, or ease in transportation to facilities or assistance programs. Do the health and nutrition programs adequately meet the needs of the community? If not, how might needs be better met in light of the current climate in the community?
· Discuss long-term health implications of the identified deficits in terms of health care costs and mortality. Relate neighborhood conditions, i.e. location of community relative to the location of resources (WIC, SNAP, etc), access to transportation, or access to healthy foods as either assets or roadblocks to quality health services.
· Identify weakness(es) in food and nutrition services. Is there evidence of over- or under nutrition in the community? Suggest ways to alleviate weaknesses within the existing characteristics of the community. Is there an individual or a group which may be receptive to a nutrition program that would be able to assist the group when a new program?
The needs assessment must cite references to support the intervention (lesson) and channels used to education.
Note:
1. Cite 2 research articles published within the past 10 years which focus on one of the targeted groups and its nutritional needs
2. References –
Periodicals and journals, using JAN&D format.
Web-based
Key Informant – Personal interview, person’s name, position, and date of the interview.
2. Avoid: Wikipedia and or only relying solely upon web-based sources.

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